Swami Abhedananda

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Fast Facts
Other Names and Nicknames: 
Birthname: Kaliprasad Chandra
Advaita Vedanta, Yoga
Main Countries of Activity: 
Date of Birth: 
2 October 1866
Place of Birth: 
Calcutta, India
In His/Her Body ("alive"): 
Date Left His/Her Body: 
8 September 1939
Ancestor Gurus: 


Swami Abhedananda was born on 2 October 1866 as Kaliprasad Chandra. He was a direct disciple of Ramakrishna and was known as "Kali Tapaswi" to his fellow disciples. His father was Rasiklal Chandra and his mother was Nayantara Devi. After the passing away of Ramakrishna, he formally became a Sanyasi along with Swami Vivekananda and others, and came to be known as Swami Abhedananda.

During his life as a monk he traveled extensively throughout India, depending entirely on alms. During this time he met several famous sages like Paohari Baba, Trailanga Swami and Swami Bhaskaranand. He went to the sources of the Ganga and the Yamuna, and meditated in the Himalayas. He was a forceful orator, prolific writer, yogi and intellectual with devotional fervor. Swami Vivekananda asked him to propagate the message of Vedanta in the West, which he did with great success. He went to USA in 1897 and preached messages of Vedanta and teachings of his Guru for about 25 years. In 1921, he returned to India.

In 1922, he crossed the Himalayas on foot and reached Tibet, where he studied Buddhist philosophy and Lamaism. In Hemis Monastery, he discovered a manuscript on the unknown life of Jesus Christ which has been incorporated in the book " Journey Into Kashmir & Tibet" published by the Ramakrishna Vedanta Math, Kolkata.

He formed the 'Ramakrishna Vedanta Society' in Kolkata in 1923, which is now known as Ramakrishna Vedanta Math. In 1924, he established Ramakrishna Vedanta Math in Darjeeling in West Bengal.

In 1927, he started publishing Visvavani, the monthly magazine from 'Ramakrishna Vedanta Society', which is published today as well.

He died on 8 September 1939.


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Books & Media

Recommended Books: 
Cover image

The Gospel Of Ramakrishna

by Sri Ramakrishna


Swami Abhedananda (2 October 1866 – 8 September 1939), born Kaliprasad Chandra was a direct disciple of the 19th century mystic Ramakrishna Paramahansa and the founder of Ramakrishna Vedanta Math. Swami Vivekananda sent him to the West to head the Vedanta Society, New York in 1897, and spread the message of Vedanta, a theme on which he authored several books through his life, and subsequently founded the Ramakrishna Vedanta Math, in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and Darjeeling. -wikipedia