Soamiji Maharaj

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Fast Facts
Other Names and Nicknames: 
Shri Shiv Dayal Singh
Main Countries of Activity: 
India, USA
Date of Birth: 
25th August 1818
Place of Birth: 
In His/Her Body ("alive"): 
Date Left His/Her Body: 
15th Junde 1878


Ever since the appearance of Kalyug and after it came of age the mortals underwent unbearable sufferings, maladies and miseries. The cycle of birth and rebirth gained momentum. Deaths, dissolution, wars and revolutions became more frequent. The disasters like earthquakes, famines, deluges, epidemics, accidents and the like became the order of the day. The Jivas were swayed away from spirituality by the tides of Maya. The only thing that was left in the name of religion was externalias such as idol worship, Roza -Namaj, Masses, irrational orthodoxy, ritualism and sophistry. Intuitive exercises were abandoned. All this presented a dismal spectacle. Seeing this plight of the mortal beings and the impenitent obduracy of the Kal and Maya entangling the Jivas in their shameful game, the Supreme Being Radhasoami Dayal decided to deliver the Jivas from the clutches of Maya and Kal, grant them true salvation and restore the spirit entity to its rightful place in the holy feet of the Supreme Father. Radhasoami Dayal descended from his abode to this mortal world and manifested himself as Swatah Sant in the form of Param Purush Puran Dhani Soamiji Maharaj.

Soamiji Maharaj was born on 25th August 1818, in a khatri family, residing in Panni Gali, Agra and His worldly name was Shri Shiv Dayal Singh Ji. Deep religiosity became evident in Shiv Dayalji from early childhood and he started regular spiritual practice at the age of six. At the age of five, he was sent to school where he learnt Hindi, Urdu, Persian and Gurumukhi. Later he acquired proficiency in Persian and wrote a book in that language. He also acquired a working knowledge of Arabic and Sanskrit.

He was married at an early age to Naraini Devi, daughter of Izzat Rai of Faridabad. She was of generous disposition and was very devoted to her husband. Shiv Dayalji was selected direct from school to act as a Persian expert to a government officer in Banda. As the job did not suit him, he gave it up and took another job as a teacher of Persian with a talukdar of Ballabhgarh estate. His spiritual cravings, however, were so intense that worldly attainments no longer attracted him and he gave up even this lucrative job. He returned home for devoting his entire time to religious pursuits.

Soamiji Maharaj's gracious and serene personality left a deep imprint upon many a learned man who became His ardent followers. On the request of His beloved disciple, Hazur Maharaj, on "Basant-Panchami" day, i.e., 15th February, 1861. He opened His Satsang to general public. The Satsang grew rapidly and the number of devotees in his life-time rose to three thousand, which included men and women from all the major communities of India. It was around 1866 that the Satsang was named as "Radhasoami Satsang" after Hazur Maharaj, in deep meditation at Nainital, realized that not only Radhasoami is an ever reverberating sound but also that Soamiji Maharaj was Himself Radhasoami. Later, on his return He addressed Soamiji Maharaj as "Radhasoami Saheb". Soamiji Maharaj was delighted and accepted the desired "offer" from Hazur Maharaj. For full seventeen years He presided over the Satsang meetings at His residence, Panni Gali, Agra.

Over-absorption in spiritual work and neglect of nourishment and rest adversely affected His health and He left for His heavenly abode on Saturday, 15 June 1878 at His residence in Panni Gali, Agra. His samadhi is situated in Radhasoami Bagh, about three miles from Agra city.

His most important contribution to religion is the practice of surat-shabd-yoga. He first explained the Supreme Energy, the sound - current, the all - spiritual nature both of the ultimate reality and the spirit entity and the holy name so resonant in the creation. Then He prescribed a set spiritual exercises by which, the spirit entity could transferred through various higher regions of creation and finally reach its original abode and enjoy everlasting bliss peace. His surat-shabd-yoga is easier than pranayam and hath-yoga. The devotee practicing this exercise does not have to abandon his normal worldly duties. According to Soamiji Maharaj the only pre-requisite to His yoga is true and sincere devotion to the Santsatguru.

Soamiji Maharaj books clearly reveal the might of his pen and force of his argument. His verse composition is known as Sar Bachan Chhand-band. His poems are replete with emotional appeal - a successful blending of popular poetic expressions from different languages of north India such as, Khari-Boli, Awadhi, Brijbhasha, Rajasthani and Gurumukhi. Many words from Urdu, Persian, Bengali and Sanskrit add to the cultural synthesis already discernible in Hindi literature ever since the Bhakti period. His Hindi prose book Sar Bachan Bartik is a valuable contribution to the development of the Hindi prose just before the advent of Bharatendu Harishchandra. Brevity, straight forward expressions and emphasis on beliefs are some of the rare qualities of his prose. For a devotee, His books are the edicts of the Supreme Being and He the Supreme Being incarnate.



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