Samarth Ramdas



Average: 3.5 (20 votes)
Fast Facts
Samarth_Ramdas_swami.JPEG
Other Names and Nicknames: 
Nārāyan, Swami, Ramdas Swami
Function: 
Guru
Traditions: 
Hinduism
Main Countries of Activity: 
India
Date of Birth: 
1608
Place of Birth: 
Jālna District, Maharashtra, India
In His/Her Body ("alive"): 
No
Date Left His/Her Body: 
1682
Descendant Gurus: 
Other Related Gurus: 
Shivaji - his guru

Biography

Samarth Ramdas was born in a Deshastha Rugvedi Brāhman family to Suryāji and Rānu Bāi Thosar in Jāmb in Jālna District of Maharashtra on Ram Navami, 1530 according to "Shāliwāhan Shak" calendar. His given name was Nārāyan. He was devotee of God “Ram” and that’s why he named Ramdas at the age of 24.

Since his childhood, Samarth Ramdas had an inclination toward metaphysical contemplation and religiosity. When he was eight, his father died; and at his age 12, his mother arranged his marriage to her brother's daughter. However, he wanted to pursue a monastic life, and so just as the wedding ceremony was proceeding, he ran away before the marriage vows were exchanged.

For the next twelve years, Samarth Ramdas devoted himself to study of Hindu religious books, meditation, and prayers in a place named Panchawati, near Nāshik, on the banks of Godāwari river.

Samarth Ramdas was a gifted composer. He produced considerable lucid and effective literature in verse form in Marathi.

Shivaji and Samarth Ramdas first met in 1674, Samarth Ramdas accepting Shivaji then as his spiritual guru. Shivaji made available to Samarth Ramdas a fort named Parali Fort to establish his permanent monastery there. The fort was subsequently renamed as “Sajjangad”

Ramdas's ways were very peculiar. He appeared to the outside world as a mad man. He had a small bow. He used to have, by his side, a large number of stones with which he pelted every object he saw. To men really interested in his teachings, he gave the Mantra Sri Ram Jaya Ram Jaya Jaya Ram.

Samarth Ramdas had eleven hundred disciples, of whom three hundred were women. The women disciples were also expert preachers and were virtuous. Samarth Ramdas sent his disciples to all parts of India to spread the Hindu religion. His disciples and Mutts in the North directly or indirectly helped Shivaji and his work. Ramdas's organisation in the South, round about Thanjavur, helped Shivaji's son Rajaram to go to Jinji and carry on the Twenty Years' War with Aurangazeb. When Ramdas visited Thanjavur, Venkoji, who was the step-brother of Shivaji, became his disciple. Ramdas appointed Bhimaswami, his direct disciple, as the Mahant of the Thanjavur Mutt.

Teachings

The last instructions of Samarth Ramdas to his disciples were: "Do not think much of your bodily wants. Have Satsang with devotees. Keep the image of Lord Rama in your heart. Repeat the name of Lord Rama always. Annihilate lust, greed, anger, hatred and egoism. See Lord Rama in all creatures. Love all. Feel His presence everywhere. Live for Him alone. Serve Him in all beings. Make total and unreserved surrender unto Him. You will always live in Him alone. You will attain immortality and eternal bliss".

Locations

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Books & Media

Recommended Books: 
Cover image

Dasboadh of Samarth Ramdas

by Samarth Ramdas

(Hardcover)

It is with great pleasure and also with a sense of reverence to Swami Samarth Ramdas that this English translation of his monumental work by name DASBOADH in being offered to devotees not knowing Marathi language, so that they will be acquainted with the comprehensive treatment given by the most practical saint Samarth Ramdas, to the subject of a successful worldly life as well as the path of spirituality. The original voluminous book was, it is told, dictated by the Author to his disciple and various copies of the manuscript were prepared and recorded in various 'Math's of Samarth Ramdas by some of his main disciples. That manuscript is in verse, composed in OVI metre, containing four small lines, the fourth being yet smaller. The book contains 200 chapters, having various number of 'Ovi's in each chapter. The book is divided into 20 groups of 10 chapters each, the group is being called 'Dashaka' the chapter being "Samasa". The book is an independent work, and not a commentary on any Sanskrit book existing prior to it. The form adopted is of a dialogue between the speaker who is the Teacher, and the listeners, among whom there are some disciples. Questions are put by them to the speaker and he has given answers.

Pro Opinions

Ramdass

NIDHI PARKASH's picture

Shivaji comes to remembrance when this saint is remembered. Saint is famous for his spiritual links with Shivaji Maharaj who was great Maratha Warrior.