Rishi Parashara

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Fast Facts
Sanatna Dharma
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not Known
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Other Related Gurus: 
Rishi Vasishtha, RishiVyasa


Parāśara is a Rigveda Mahārśi and author of many ancient Indian texts. Parāśara was the grandson of Vasishtha, the son of Shakti-muni, and the father of Vyasa.

There are several texts which give reference to Parāśara as the author/speaker. Modern scholars believe that there were many individuals who used this name throughout time. Hindus believe that the same Parāśara taught these various texts and the time of writing them varied. The actual sage himself never wrote the texts, he was known as a traveling teacher, and the various texts attributed to him are given in reference to Parāśara being the speaker to his student.


Brahma created Vasishtha and with Arundhati had a son named Shakti-muni who had Parāśara. With Satyavati, Parāśara had Vyasa. Vyasa had Dhritarashtra, Pandu and Vidura through his dead brother's wives. He had Sukadeva through his wife, Jābāli's daughter Pinjalā (Vatikā). Thus Parāśara was the great-grandfather of both the warring parties of the Mahābhārata, the Kauravas and the Pāndavas.


Mahārśi Parāśara was raised by his grandfather, Vasishtha, because he lost his father at an early age. His father, Shakti-muni, was on a journey and came across an angry Rakshasa (demon) who had once been a king but was turned into a demon feeding on human flesh as a curse from Vishwamitra. The demon devoured Parāśara’s father. In the Visnu Purana, Parāśara speaks about his anger from this:

"I had heard that my father had been devoured by a Rakshasa employed by Vishwamitra: violent anger seized me, and I commenced a sacrifice for the destruction of the Rakshasas: hundreds of them were reduced to ashes by the rite, when, as they were about to be entirely exterminated, my grandfather Vasishtha said to me: Enough, my child; let thy wrath be appeased: the Rakshasas are not culpable: thy father's death was the work of destiny. Anger is the passion of fools; it becometh not a wise man. By whom, it may be asked, is any one killed? Every man reaps the consequences of his own acts. Anger, my son, is the destruction of all that man obtains by arduous exertions, of fame, and of devout austerities; and prevents the attainment of heaven or of emancipation. The chief sages always shun wrath: be not subject to its influence, my child. Let no more of these unoffending spirits of darkness be consumed. Mercy is the might of the righteous.”

[ important life detail to be added] Advice to Jamadagni and Parāśara's Ashram being burned.

[ important life detail to be added] Parāśara's time with Matsyagandha...

- [important life detail to be added] The birth and teaching of his son Vyasa, his son's marriage arrangement and the three vedas becoming four, rewriting the smriti, ...

Parāśara was known as the "limping sage". He had his leg wounded during the attack of his ashram. When a rishi dies he merges back into an element or an archeype, Sage Jaimini was trampled by wild elephants, Sage Gautama was eaten by Cannibals, etc. When Sage Parāśara was walking through a dense forest he and his students were attacked by wolves. He was unable to get away in his old age with a lame leg he left this world merging into the wolves .


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