The Mother

Average: 3.7 (67 votes)
Fast Facts
Other Names and Nicknames: 
Mirra Alfassa, Mira Alfassa, Mira Richards
Spiritual Teacher
Integral Yoga
Main Countries of Activity: 
Date of Birth: 
21 February 1878
Place of Birth: 
Paris, France
In His/Her Body ("alive"): 
Date Left His/Her Body: 
November 17, 1973


The Mother was born in Paris, France as Mirra Alfassa on 21 February 1878 to Jewish Turkish and Egyptian parents. From an early age she displayed a remarkable interest in spirituality.

In her own words she said:

Between 11 and 13 a series of psychic and spiritual experiences revealed to me not only the existence of God but man's possibility of uniting with Him, of realising Him integrally in consciousness and action, of manifesting Him upon earth in a life divine.

In 1905 Mirra traveled to Algeria where she studied occult sciences with Max Theon and his wife. On returning to Paris she started a small spiritual group and gave various lectures on spirituality. In 1911 she married Paul Richards who had previously been to India and had a strong wish to return. In 1914 they both returned to India where they met Sri Aurobindo. On meeting Sri Aurobindo, Mira immediately recognized him as one who had been guiding her sadhana (she had seen him many times in visions and dreams and had been up until this point calling the unknown guide Krishna)

With the outbreak of the first world War Paul Richards and Mirra had to leave India. For most of the war Mirra lived in Japan, here she adopted many of the Japanese customs and dress and spent time at Buddhist monastries. It wasn’t until 1920 that Mira was able to return to Pondicherry to renew her spiritual collaboration with Sri Aurobindo. In 1926 Sri Aurobindo and the Mother founded the Sri Aurobindo ashram to accommodate the growing number of people wishing to follow Sri Aurobindo’s Integral Yoga.

It was also in 1926 that Mira Richards became universally known as the Mother. This reflected her spiritual consciousness which was a manifestation of the Divine Mother. Sri Aurobindo also entrusted the whole of the Ashram organisation to the Mother.

Sri Aurobindo on The Mother:

There is one divine Force which acts in the universe and in the individual and is also beyond the individual and the universe. The Mother stands for all these, but she is working here in the body to bring down something not yet expressed in this material world so as to transform life here -- it is so that you should regard her as the Divine Shakti working here for that purpose. She is in the body, but in her whole consciousness she is also identified with all the other aspects of the Divine.

The Mother took an active interest in the spiritual needs of all sadhaks at the ashram, starting the day with her darshan in the morning. At various times the Mother would also give out various flowers which she felt symbolized various spiritual qualities.

On December 5th, 1950 Sri Aurobindo left the body so as to be able to work for his goal of spiritual evolution from beyond his body. The Mother continued the work from the physical plane working in earnest towards a physical transformation attempting to bring the divine into every cell.

In 1968 the Mother formally inaugurated the new city of Auroville. Auroville is an international township dedicated to realizing human unity through diversity. In 1966 UNESCO passed a resolution giving its support to the idea.

The Mother entered her mahasamadhi in 1973 at the age of 95, three days after her passing her body was placed in the Samadhi alongside Sri Aurobindo.


The only important thing is to follow the Divine's truth with love and joy.

The Mother's teachings are in the spirit of Sri Aurobindo's Integral Yoga (see profile of Sri Aorobindo). She continued his work and spreading of his teachings after his death.


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Books & Media

Recommended Books: 
Cover image

The Hidden Forces Of life

by Sri Aurobindo, The Mother


The unpredictability of our moods, impulses, and emotions and the apparent randomness of happenings in our external lives are primarily due to the play of hidden forces at work in the world, forces of which we are almost totally unaware. This book is a compilation from the works of Sri Aurobindo and the Mother on these hidden forces and how they influence our thoughts, feelings, and actions and determine the course of events in life. "The Hidden Forces of Life" is one of the six books of wonderful selections from the works of Sri Aurobindo and The Mother.The selections have been compiled by A.S.Dalal.The other books are Powers Within,Growing Within,The Psychic Being,Looking From Within and The Yoga of sleep and Dreams.All the books are available from amazon.

Pro Opinions

Epitome of Love

archana.anchal's picture

Mother was the epitome of Love........she guided seekers with love and care at the very same time she maintained the desired discipline.....We have the Mother School in Delhi located near Shri Aurobin

mother is mother


She having been either pretty much superficial or bureaucratic in terms of spirituality but she was mother nurturing the Ashrama of Aurobindo Yogi.She was very, very dedicated disciple of Aurobindo an

Con Opinions

Discipline as a value

shishmanidov35's picture

I find her pretty much superficial and beaurcratic in terms of spirituality.