Guru Gobind Singh



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Fast Facts
150px-Guru_Gobind_Singh_1.jpg
Other Names and Nicknames: 
Gobind Rai
Function: 
Guru
Traditions: 
Sikhism, Sant Mat, Surat Shabd Yoga
Main Countries of Activity: 
India
Date of Birth: 
1 April 1621
Place of Birth: 
Patna,India
In His/Her Body ("alive"): 
No
Date Left His/Her Body: 
11 November 1675
Other Related Gurus: 
Guru Nanak Dev | Guru Angad Dev | Guru Amar Das | Guru Ram Das | Guru Arjun Dev | Guru Har Gobind | Guru Har Rai | Guru Har Krishan | Guru Teg Bahadur | Guru Gobind Singh | (Followed by Guru Granth Sahib, Perpetual Guru of the Sikhs)

Biography

Guru Gobind Singh (Punjabi: ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ, IPA: [gʊɾu gobɪn̪d̪ sɪ́ŋg]) (December 22, 1666 – 7 October 1708) was the tenth Guru of the Sikhs. He was born in Patna, Bihar in India in 1666 and became the tenth Guru of the Sikhs on 11 November 1675, at the young age of nine years, succeeding his father Guru Tegh Bahadur. He was the leader of the Sikh faith, a warrior, a poet, and a philosopher. The impression of Guru Gobind Singh has not only elevated and altered the constitution of the minds of the Sikhs, but has operated materially and given amplitude to their physical frames. His establishment of the Khalsa is considered as one of the most important events in the history of Sikhism. He fought twenty defensive battles with the Mughals and their alliances, such as Rajas of Shivalik Hills. Guru Gobind Singh was the last human Sikh Guru; and declared the Guru Granth Sahib as the next permanent Sikh Guru.

Teachings

Since I fell at the feet of God, no one has appeared great in my eyes. Ram and Raheem, the Puranas and Qu'ran, have many votaries, but neither do I regard. Smritis, Shashtras, and Vedas, differ in many things; not one do I heed. O Supreme God! under thy favour has all been done; nought is of myself.

Several works have been attributed to Guru Gobind Singh. Many of the literary works of him were lost during the evacuation of Anandpur Sahib. The collection of writings attributed to Guru Gobind Singh is known as Dasven Padshah Da Granth meaning Book of the Tenth Emperor. It is popularly referred to as the Dasam Granth. It is a compilation of hymns, Philosophical writings, autobiography of the Guru and many fables.[31] All the compositions which form part of Dasam Granth, are not necessarily the work of Guru Gobind Singh himself. Several names of poets such as Sham, Ram occur within the compositions composed by poets of Guruji.

The underlying message of all the works is 'worship the creator and not the creations'.