Dalai Lama



Average: 3.9 (144 votes)
Fast Facts
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Other Names and Nicknames: 
Tenzin Gyatso, 14th Dalai Lama, Lhamo Döndrub
Function: 
Holy Leader
Traditions: 
Tibetan Buddhism, Gelug School, Mahayana, Lamaism
Main Countries of Activity: 
Tibet, India
Date of Birth: 
6 July 1935
Place of Birth: 
Taktser, Amdo Province, Tibet
In His/Her Body ("alive"): 
Yes
Ancestor Gurus: 

Biography

Tenzin Gyatso is the 14th and current Dalai Lama. He is often referred to simply as the Dalai Lama. He is a practicing member of the Gelug School of Tibetan Buddhism and is influential as a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, as the world's most famous Buddhist monk. He is the leader of the exiled Tibetan government in India.

Tenzin Gyatso was the fifth of sixteen children born to a farming family in the village of Taktser, or Tengtser, of the Tibetan province of Amdo, originally named Lhamo Döndrub (Tibetan: ལ; Wylie: Lha-mo Don-'grub). His first language was the Amdo dialect of Tibetan.

At the age of two, Tenzin Gyatso was proclaimed the Tulku (rebirth) of the thirteenth Dalai Lama.

On 17 November 1950, at the age of fifteen, he was enthroned as Tibet's Head of State. Thus he became Tibet's most important political ruler just one month after the People's Republic of China's invasion of Tibet on 7 October 1950.

In 1954, he went to Beijing to talk with Mao Zedong and other leaders of the PRC.

After a failed uprising and the collapse of the Tibetan resistance movement in 1959, the Dalai Lama left for India, where he was active in establishing the Central Tibetan Administration (the Tibetan Government in Exile) and in seeking to preserve Tibetan culture and education among the thousands of refugees who accompanied him.

Tenzin Gyatso is a charismatic figure and noted public speaker. This Dalai Lama is the first to travel to the West. There, he has helped to spread Buddhism and to promote the concepts of universal responsibility, secular ethics, and religious harmony.

He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1989, honorary Canadian citizenship in 2006, and the United States Congressional Gold Medal on 17 October 2007.

Teachings

The Dalai Lama's teachings are the teachings of the Tibetan Buddhism with a special emphasis on the Four Noble Truths which are among the truths Gautama Buddha is said to have realized during his experience of enlightenment.

Four Noble Truths

Noble Truth 1 - The Nature of Suffering (Dukkha): birth is suffering, aging is suffering, illness is suffering, death is suffering; union with what is displeasing is suffering; separation from what is pleasing is suffering; not to get what one wants is suffering; in brief, the five aggregates subject to clinging are suffering.

Noble Truth 2 - The Reason for Suffering (Samudaya): it is this craving which leads to renewed existence, accompanied by delight and lust, seeking delight here and there, that is, craving for sensual pleasures, craving for existence, craving for extermination.

Noble Truth 3 - The Cessation of Suffering (Nirodha): it is the remainderless fading away and cessation of that same craving, the giving up and relinquishing of it, freedom from it, nonreliance on it.

Noble Truth 4 - The Way (Marga) Leading to the Cessation of Suffering: it is the Noble Eightfold Path; that is, right view, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, right concentration.

Noble Eightfold Path

As the name indicates, there are eight elements in the Noble Eightfold Path, and these are divided into three basic categories as follows:

Wisdom (Sanskrit: prajñā, Pāli: paññā)
1. Right view
2. Right intention

Ethical conduct (Sanskrit: śīla, Pāli: sīla)
3. Right speech
4. Right action
5. Right livelihood

Mental discipline (Sanskrit and Pāli: samādhi)
6. Right effort
7. Right mindfulness
8. Right concentration

Sources: 
Buddhist Teachings, Wikipedia

Photos

Locations

His Holiness the Dalai Lama gives teachings and public talks throughout the year at various times and in different places in India and around the world.

For the schedule of events with the Dalai Lama, see http://www.dalailama.com/page.60.htm

Residence of the Exiled Tibetan Community and the Dalai Lama
Type: 
Home
Details: 

Mcleod Ganj, a small lovely village located just above Dharamsala in the Himalayas in northern India, is the principal home residence of the exiled Tibetians and the Dalai Lama.

There are many Buddhist and other spiritual-related activities and options in this location and it is most recommended.

Address: 
Office of His Holiness the Dalai Lama
P.O. McLeod Ganj - 176219,
Dharamshala, Himalaya Pradesh , India
Phone: 
+91-1892-221343, 221879
Fax: 
+91-1892-221813
Directions: 

You can easily get from Delhi and other central cities in India to McLeod Ganj either by bus, taxi, train, or by air.

By Train : The easiest way to get to McLeod Ganj is to take an overnight train from Delhi to Pathankot, which is about 90 kms from Dharamshala. Regular buses are available from Pathankot to Dharamshala and McLeod Ganj. The journey by bus takes about 4 hours.

You can also hire a cab from the Pathankot station to McLeod Ganj. The cabs normally charge a two-way fare for the trip (Rs. 1000 to Rs. 1500 approx). The traveling time by cab is about 2 hours and 30 minutes.

By Bus : Direct regular bus service is available from Delhi, Chandigarh, Jammu, Shimla and Manali for Dharamshala. HRTC (Himachal Road Transport Corporation) has recently introduced a luxury bus service from New Delhi for McLeod Ganj. The Air-conditioned and Non-AC fares from Delhi are Rs. 750 and Rs. 300 approx. The journey from Delhi to McLeod Ganj by bus takes about 12 to 13 hours.

By Air : Gaggal, which is at a distance of 15 kms from Dharamshala, is the nearest airport to Dharamshala. Jagson Airline operates direct flight from Delhi to Dharamshala, three times a week.

Services in Location: 

You can find in McLeod Ganj and Dharamshala all services needed including laundry, internet, shops, a great variety of western and Indian food, etc.

Accomodation: 

Many guest houses and hotels of all levels and prices are available in McLeod Ganj as well as in near villages of Dharamkot and Bagsu which are within walking distance.

Maps and Pictures of Location: 
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Tushita Meditation Center
Type: 
Retreat Center
Details: 

Tushita is a center for the study and practice of Buddhism from the Tibetan Mahayana tradition. It is a friendly and conducive place for people of all nationalities and backgrounds to learn about and put into practice the teachings of the Buddha.

The center is providing several types of course retreats, among them is the most recommended "Introduction to Buddhism" 10-day course which includes both theory and meditation practice.

Tushita is located in a lovely site near the entrance to Dharamkot village in the forested hills above McLeod Ganj.

The teachings, meditations and practices in Tushita are based on the tradition of Lama Tsong Khapa of Tibet (the Gelugpa School of Tibetan Buddhism), as taught to us by Lama Thubten Yeshe and Lama Zopa Rinpoche.

Address: 
Tushita Meditation Centre
McLeod Ganj,
Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh 176 219, India
Phone: 
(+91) (1892) 221 866
Directions: 

Tushita is located on a forested hill above McLeod Ganj in the entrance to the Dharamkot village. You can climb the road up to Tushita for about half and hour or take a riksha.

Accomodation: 

Accommodation is provided for course participants during the course.

Course participants may be able to stay at the center and have accommodation for two days after the course.

see more about accommodation at Tushita at http://www.tushita.info/accomodation.htm

Registration: 
Registration in advance is required. You can check the courses schedules and register online at the Tushita website listed above.
Prices and Fees: 
There are no official fees to participate in the courses. You are expected to give a donation in Indian Rupees when you arrive for the course.
Etiquette: 
Participants in the course are required to follow the following discipline: Participants are not to leave Tushita property for the entire course. Participants must attend all sessions of the course and come to sessions on time. Participants are expected to observe silence (no talking at all) from the evening of the first day until the end of the course. Participants are expected to be gentle in their behavior and sensitive to fellow group members.
Services in Location: 

All services are provided on-site during the course.

Delicious vegetarian food, containing eggs and milk products, is served during meal times in the dinning room.

There is a small shop at Tushita that sells toiletries, stationary, biscuits, etc. and a very good library.

Daily Schedule & Opening Hours: 
Maps and Pictures of Location: 
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Books & Media

Recommended Books: 
Cover image

How to See Yourself As You Really Are

by His Holiness the Dalai Lama

(Paperback)

According to His Holiness the Dalai Lama, we each possess the ability to achieve happiness and a meaningful life, but the key to realizing that goal is self-knowledge. In How to See Yourself As You Really Are, the world's foremost Buddhist leader and recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize shows readers how to recognize and dispel misguided notions of self and embrace the world from a more realistic -- and loving -- perspective. Through illuminating explanations and step-by-step exercises, His Holiness helps readers to see the world as it actually exists, and explains how, through the interconnection of meditative concentration and love, true altruistic enlightenment is attained.

Enlivened by personal anecdotes and intimate accounts of the Dalai Lama's own life experiences, How to See Yourself As You Really Are is an inspirational and empowering guide that can be read and enjoyed by anyone seeking spiritual fulfillment.

Recommended DVD & Video: 
Cover image

10 Questions for the Dalai Lama

(DVD)

Why do the poor often seem happier than the rich? Must a society lose its traditions in order to move into the future? How do you reconcile a commitment to non-violence when faced with violence? These are some of the questions posed to His Holiness the Dalai Lama by filmmaker and explorer Rick Ray. Ray examines some of the fundamental questions of our time by weaving together observations from his own journeys throughout India and the Middle East, and the wisdom of an extraordinary spiritual leader. In an era when many religious and political leaders are viewed with suspicion, and when cynical agendas rule both government and clergy, the Dalai Lama is undeniably authentic. Along with Martin Luther King, Gandhi, and Jesus, this great leader inspires millions and has influenced the world in so many ways. This is his story, as told and filmed by Rick Ray during a private visit to his monastery in Dharamsala, India over the course of several months. Also included is rare historical footage as well as footage supplied by individuals who at great personal risk, filmed with hidden cameras within Tibet. Part biography, part philosophy, part adventure and part politics, "10 Questions For The Dalai Lama" conveys more than history and more than answers - it opens a window into the heart of a great man.

Recommended Audio: 
Cover image

Destructive Emotions: How Can We Overcome Them?: A Scientific Dialogue with the Dalai Lama

by Daniel Goleman, The Dalai Lama

(Audio Cassette)

The bestselling author of Emotional Intelligence offers a front-row seat at a groundbreaking meeting between the Dalai Lama and some of the foremost scientists and philosophers in the world.

Imagine sitting with the Dalai Lama in his private meeting room with a small group of world-class scientists and philosophers. The talk is lively and fascinating, as these leading minds grapple with age-old questions of compelling contemporary urgency: Why do seemingly rational people commit acts of cruelty and violence? What are the root causes of destructive behavior? Can we learn to control the emotions that drive these impulses?

Organized by the Mind and Life Institute, this rich encounter of science and spirit, East and West, brings together cutting-edge research in neuroscience, education, and psychology with the most sophisticated Buddhist practices for transforming negative emotions. Goleman, as scientific coordinator and narrator, also reveals the personalities behind the debates as the participants develop ideas for further collaboration and research.

Pro Opinions

Free Tibet

rajesh geer's picture

It is not proper for the chinese to destroy another's culture and tradition.The tibetan culture is a natural activity of a particular people and should not be suppressed.It is quite unnatural for ti

DALAI LAMA

KUNDAN LAL GOTHWAL's picture

Dalai Lama is not only spiritual Guru of Tibat Resident but most of the people of whole world like him and In India he has been recognized as Gandhi of Tibat and Peace Leader of the world.

Free Tibet!

abra's picture

Horrible what the Chinese are doing nowadays against the protests in Lhasa and other cities in Tibet. More than 100 people were killed already and the world is silent. So hypocrite is the world.

NIDHI PARKASH's picture

FREE TIBET

Free Tibet is the past of Tibet.

NIDHI PARKASH | Wed, 11/25/2009 - 20:17

21ST CENTURY GANDHI

santthosh kumaar's picture

He is true incarnation of love.All other countries who are indulge in wars and terrorism must learn from His non violence massage of tolerance.One can see his sincere concern to uplift his people in

Made things Simple and Easy.....

archana.anchal's picture

He made everything so simple and easy that any seeker can attain the pure knowledge, and be assured that he is on the right paht...
Best Regards

Beauty

Similar's picture

He teaches so much, even through his smile alone.
I have read many books by him and they are wonderful and easy to understand.

NIDHI PARKASH's picture

smile

The beauty of his smile also speaks through the words of his books.

NIDHI PARKASH | Wed, 11/25/2009 - 20:21

Con Opinions

Friendly Feudalism: The Tibet Myth

Kali_mon's picture

Friendly Feudalism: The Tibet Myth by Dr. Michael Parenti (01.02.07)

Kali_mon's picture

A blast from the past: Lamaism

Lamaism is far from being the serene religion it evolved into after losing all political power. Ancient Tibet was plunged into a living nightmare by the feudal theocracy. Tibet's Bon Traditions were wiped out violently and the country was ruled by the lamas, who 'redefined' Tibetan Identity. Every year, during Monlam Chenmo (the Great Prayer), monks from the three surrounding monasteries would pour into Lhasa to rape and plunder the terrified citizens, who hadn't managed to flee in terror. The exceptional spread of syphilis that the Chinese invaders propagated later on was partly due to the sexual perversions of "celibate" monks.

Kali_mon | Tue, 04/06/2010 - 21:58

Rebirth & Nirvana!

Nathyogi's picture

From the profile and the website the following is quite clear: