Acharya Mahapragya



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Fast Facts
acharya1.jpg
Other Names and Nicknames: 
Gurudev
Function: 
Saint
Traditions: 
jainism,shwetambar jain
Main Countries of Activity: 
india
Date of Birth: 
June 14, 1920
Place of Birth: 
Tamkor, Jhunjhunu district, Rajasthan, India
In His/Her Body ("alive"): 
No
Date Left His/Her Body: 
May 9, 2010
Ancestor Gurus: 
Other Related Gurus: 
charukirti bhattarak

Biography

Mahapragya was born 14 June 1920 to Tola Ram Choraria and Baluji in the small village of Tamkor in the Jhunjhunu district in Rajasthan. He was called Nathmal by his family.

On 29 January 1931, at the age of ten, Mahapragya became a monk, taking his initiation from the eighth Acharya of Jain, Swetambar Terapanth, Srimad Kalugani in the town of Sardarsahar (Rajasthan). With this, Nathmal became Muni Nathmal. Muni Nathmal became a student in Muni Tulsi's classes, who later became Ninth Acharya. Nathmal had a great learning capacity and a good memory. His education at the monestary included history, philosophy, logic, grammar, physics, biology, ayurved, politics, economics, and sociology. He became a scholar of Jain Agamas and a critic of Indian and western philosophy. By age 22, he was competent in Hindi, Sanskrit, Prakrit and Rajasthani languages and literature.

Mahapragya played an instrumental role in the Anuvrat movement launched 2 March 1949 by his guru and then head of Jain Shwetambra Terapanth, Acharya Tulsi. The ultimate aim of the movement was and remains to create a nonviolent socio-political world order with the help of a worldwide network of self-transformed people. Since its inception it has inspired millions of people to practice purity and self-discipline in personal life. Mahapragya helped Acharya Tulsi in the preparation of the contents of Anuvrat and worked as a core member in the movement, many times playing the role of Acharya Tulsi's representative in explaining the principles of Anuvrat to society.

On 4 February 1979, he was nomination as successor-designate to Acharya Tulsi. Consecration took place the following day, making him the 10th Acharya of Terapanth.

Acharya Shri Mahapragya, 91 years old, the Tenth Acharya and head of Jain Swetambar Terapanth group, passed away at Sardarshahr in Churu district in Rajasthan at 2:50pm on Sunday on dated 09/05/2010 following a heart attack.

His last rites took place at Sardarshahr at 3pm on Monday dated 10/05/2010. He was in the city in connection with 'chaturmas' festival next month. President Pratibha Patil on Manday condoled the death of Acharya calling it an "ireparable loss" to the whole of India. Chief Minister Sh. Ashok Gehlot, his colleagues and other prominent people also condoled his death.

Former President S Radhakrishnan had termed Acharya Mahapragya as one of the two fine philosophers of modern India along with Swami Vivekananda.

He was guru to all, including followers of other religions also. The country has lost a great guru and social reformer. He was a sage, savant, scholar, philosopher but above all an unique spiritualist whose spirituality transcended all religions.

Now, Acharya Maha Sharaman has become11th Acharya of Jain Terapanth.

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Pro Opinions

Revered Acharya left for his heavenly abode on 09/05/2010

NIDHI PARKASH's picture

Many, many years ago I saw him speaking for hours in a religious programme.