Vedic Marriage Ceremony Part---2

madan_gautam's picture

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Marriage is considered to be thegifting of a virgin girl by her father or guardian to a deserving boy.This gift, called Kanyaadaanam, is considered to be the mostpraiseworthy of all gifts. In one of the mantras in this ceremony thefather (or whoever is giving the girl in marriage) prays to LordMahavishnu that, by this gift, his own generation and ten generationsbefore him as well as ten generations after him may be blessed withsupreme bliss in Brahmaloka. He then worships the feet of thebridegroom, looking upon him as Mahavishnu Himself.

In all Vedicceremonies dakshina to the officiating priests and 'daanam' or thegifting of cash and various useful articles to the priests and otherBrahmanas present forms an important ingredient. This should not belooked upon as mere charity intended to benefit the recipients. Themain purpose of these gifts is to help the spiritual progress of thegiver. The tendency to accumulate wealth and cling on to it is naturalin every human being. The Upanishads declare that as long as thistendency remains in the mind, there is no hope of spiritual progressfor the individual. A hymn in the Saamaveda exhorts every one tocounter this tendency by giving freely of one's wealth to others. Inthe Brihadaaranyaka Upanishad Brahma, the Creator, instructs humanbeings to give 'daanam' liberally, in order that they may get rid ofthe defect of greed which is a serious obstacle to spiritual progress.The Bhagavadgita says that greed is one of the gates to hell. It istherefore in the interest of the spiritual development of the giverthat the institution of 'daanam' has been built into every religiousceremony. Giving of gifts during ceremonies such as marriages has thusa two-fold objective, namely to earn merit (punya) as well as tofacilitate spiritual progress towards the ultimate goal of liberation.The importance of dakshina is brought out in the following extract fromthe Bhashya (commentary) of Sri Sankaracharya on the BrihadaaranyakaUpanishad: "The yajna (sacrifice or any other Vedic ritual) rests onthe dakshina to the priests. The fruit of the Vedic rite accruesinitially to the priests who actually perform it. It has to be acquiredby the yajamaana (the person for whose benefit the ritual is meant) bypaying dakshina to the priests. The dakshina rests on faith becausewhen a man has faith he gives dakshina to the priests; if he has nofaith, he does not give it. 'Faith' implies liberality--- faith in theVedas coupled with devotion". There is a tendency among some people tospend lavishly on all other items in a marriage but to economise whenit comes to dakshina and daanam. Compared to the total amount that hasto be spent on a marriage these days the amount that goes out by way ofdaanam and dakshina is a very small percentage, but the result attainedcannot be evaluated in material terms. One should therefore be asliberal in giving dakshina and daanam as he is in respect of the otheritems of expenditure.

neo's picture


Why flooding the forums with so many copies from other websites like this piece?

If we were interested in vedic marriages we would have googled it and find the original website.

Don't you have original things of your own to post?

Don't you see that in 99% no one is responding or voting when it is just a copy from somewhere else? It is simply not interesting or unique. I am sure that if you write something by your own it will be far more popular and interesting.

Is there a discussion supposed to be triggered by this text as things are meant to be in a forum? Otherwise, why don't you put it at least in your personal blog?

neo | Wed, 03/04/2009 - 22:05