Morning Prayers 'Japji Sahib' performed by GurSikhs!!!!!

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"Japuji Sahib"

Ik Onkar
Sat Naam
Karta Purakh
Akal Murat

* pronounced saibhang in Punjabi

There is only one God
His name is Truth
He is the creator
Sans fear
Sans enmity
Self effulgent
Realized by His divine grace.

This is the prologue of the Japuji Sahib. Viewed minutely, ik Onkar by itself is the core or the underlying principle being projected in the prologue. It is interesting to note as to why Guru Nanak categorically uses the integer "1" when writing ik Onkar .

It establishes an undisputed and complete Oneness of the Almighty. Subsequent words in the prologue further expand this concept.

Satnam signifies that Truth alone is God.

Karta Purakh further affirms God as the sole doer, the creator.

Nirbhau is used to explain that God is sans fear. What was the need to give this attribute to God ? By using Nirbhau Guru Nanak is establishing the Absolute nature or Supremeness of God. Viewed from our ordinary work-a-day life also it is observed that Truth is uttered by one who is sans fear. A fearful person cannot speak the truth.

Nirvair is used to explain that God is sans enmity. Guru Nanak observed that in other religions, God is explained as one who judges and also punishes. However if One is the sole creator, is Absolute, pervades in total creation then where is there any room left for Him to have any judgment, punishment or enmity? And, enmity with whom ? Thus Nirvair also further affirms God's Supremacy.

Akal Murat professes God to be eternal.

Ajuni makes God to be unborn. Anything which takes birth is mutable and therefore must die. God is immutable.

Saibham explains God as self-effulgent. Again Supremacy beyond any relativity.

Gurprasad here is explained in the Sikh lore as all the above being understood through an enlightened teacher. However, as enlightenment also comes only with His Divine Grace, thus Guru Nanak must have used Gurprasad to conclusively proclaim that the One God can be realized only with His divine grace.

In brief then, the prologue or the Mulmantra, is the foundation of the Sikh Philosophy that affirms the existence of One God, pervading the Cosmos and yet staying independent of it. Rest of the Japuji seems to be an exposition of the Mulmantra while the rest of Shri Guru Granth Sahib as an exposition of the Japuji itself.

As we Hindus believe that all the Vedas dissolve into the Gayatri and the Gayatri itself dissolves into Om , a very similar theme seems to exist here.

Lastly, the Mulmantra also embodies itself in the form of an invocation and affirmation of man's faith in the existence of a Supreme reality identified as Truth. I personally look at it this way : By simply saying "ik Onkar", one invokes the Supreme and seeks His grace, so that one may lead a truthful life, fearlessly and with compassion to all.


Aad Sach
Jugad Sach
Hai Bhi Sach
Nanak Hosi Bhi Sach

True before creation
True through all ages
True also today
says Nanak,
True He shall eternally be.

This (sloka) Japu further reaffirms the Supremacy of God. Briefly the Japu reiterates the prologue by simply stating that GOD IS.

It is a very simple yet dynamic statement. The dynamics of this Japu is revealed when one realizes that "Truth" is always used as a singular, never a plural. Guru Nanak, in a very simple yet scientific way affirms that only 'that' what is immutable can be "Truth". No wonder then, in all known knowledge through various schools of psychology, sciences and philosophy, only God is that immutable entity, hence the only Truth.

Pauri - 1

Soche Soch Na Hovai Je Sochi Lakh Var
Chupe Chup Na Hovai Je Lai Raha(n) Liv Tar
Bhukhia(n) Bhukh Na Utari Je Banna(n) Puria(n) Bhar
Sahas Sianpa Lakh Hohi Ta Ik Na Chale Nal
Kiv Sachiara Hoiai Kiv Kurai Tute Pal
Hukam Razai Chalna Nanak Likhiya Nal