Bhagavad Gita : The Song of the Divine

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The Bhagavad Gita (Sanskrit भगवद्गीता, Bhagavad Gītā, "Song of God") is a Sanskrit text from the chapter Bhishma Parva of the Mahabharata epic, comprising 700 verses.
Krishna, as the speaker of the Bhagavad Gita, is referred to within as Bhagavan (the divine one). The verses themselves, using the range and style of Sanskrit meter (chhandas) with similes and metaphors, are written in a poetic form that is traditionally chanted; hence the title, which translates to "the Song of the Divine One". The Bhagavad Gita is revered as sacred by Hindu traditions, and especially so by Vaishnavas (followers of Vishnu-Krishna). It is commonly referred to as The Gita.

The content of the text is a conversation between Krishna and Arjuna taking place on the battlefield of Kurukshetra just prior to the start of the Kurukshetra war. Responding to Arjuna's confusion and moral dilemma, Krishna explains to Arjuna his duties as a warrior and Prince and elaborates on different Yogic and Vedantic philosophies, with examples and analogies. This has led to the Gita often being described as a concise guide to Hindu philosophy and also as a practical, self-contained guide to life. During the discourse, Krishna reveals his identity as the Supreme Being Himself (Svayam bhagavan), blessing Arjuna with an awe-inspiring glimpse of His divine universal form.

The Bhagavad Gita is also called Gitopanishad as well as Yogopanishad, implying its status as an Upanishad, or a Vedantic scripture. Since the Gita is drawn from the Mahabharata, it is included in Smriti texts. However, being one of Upanishads, it has a status of śruti, or revealed knowledge.

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Dyaneshwar’s Gita Has Popular Appeal

Dyaneshwar’s Gita Has Popular Appeal
Maharashtra has a unique tradition of Bhakti. Great saints propagated the Bhaktimarg, a path of complete devotion and surrender to God. Poetic compositions called abhangas, shilokas and bhajans of saints like Sant Dnyaneshwar, Tukaram Ramdas Namdev and other sare sung or recited in all traditional Maharastrian homes. Dnyaneswari is a critical discourse on bhagavath Gita by Sant Dyaneshwar.

The great Mahabharata war took place between the Pandavas and their cousins Kauravas, some 5000 years ago at kurukshetra. Faced with might of the huge Kaurava army, Arjuna lost his own kith and kin. At that moment ,Krishna who was the charioteer of Arjuna ,exhorted him on the battlefield to perform his duty as a Kshatriya and fight without worrying about the consequences. Krishna’s advice in the Bhagavath Gita is a small chapter in the Mahabharata, comprising 700 shilokas or verses in Sanskrit.

Sant Dyaneshwar realized that the Gitas teaching could be read only by a small Sanskrit-knowing elite. Dyaneshwar, under the advise of his Guru, Ninrathinath, rendered a Marathi version of the Gita known as Dyaneshwari. It contains more than 9000 verses called ovies. So Sant Dyaneshwar brought teaching of the Gita within reach of the common man. Dyaneshwari was composed around the twelfth century, when Dyaneshwar was only 16years old. He took Samadhi at the age of 22 and left this mortal world.

The Bible was originally in the Latin Language and John Wiklif rendered its English translation which is in use today. That was in the year 1365, about 75 years after Dyaneshwari was composed. Dyaneshwari has since been translated to several languages.

Dyaneshwar presented his work to his guru Nivruthinath and sought his blessing. He did this through a poem of just nine vereses called Pasaydan literally means a request, asking boons from god .In the Pasayandan Dyaneshwar asked nothing for himself but he prayed for the well being of entire mankind.

In the second verse Pasayandan Dyaneshwar requests the lord to grant him a boon which will remove all evils from wicked persons putting them on a righteous path. The evils in human beings are indulgence, anger greed, ride; Kama, krodh, Lobh, Matsar & Ahankar. He prayed that these evils be replaced by kindness, humility, tolerance, forgiveness and devotion and surrender to God. Dyaneshwar says let the people of the world be happy and let them do good deeds to make others happy. Dyaneshwar says that while lowing steams provide water needed for life, the banyan tree provides shade and shelter from the sun’s heat ,without any expectation. Being good and doing good to others without evils thoughts or expectations of rewards ,is the first step towards spiritual attainment.

Next Dyaneshwar requests God to remove ignorance from our lives and replace it with enlightenment and divine light to achieve our goal, to let everyone sticks to swadharma or his own scared duty towards others .If everyone sticks to swadharma there will be no conflict and happiness will prevail. Dyaneshwar requests God to fulfil the genuine desires and aspirations of all. All pious persons who perform their duty without any expectations or returns, will ultimately desire to became one with the Supreme.

ammassridhar | Sun, 09/07/2008 - 03:18