What Yoga is? 5.1 From world dictionaries ( Authentic Yoga Tradition)

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What Yoga is? 5.1.1 From world dictionaries
(Series – Authentic Yoga Tradition-5.1 from the world dictionaries)
By
Acharya Girish Jha, Mentor, Guide and Life Coach
Web: http://www.girishjha.org/ Blog: http://www.girishjha.net

Amazing, contradictory but true
Working for more than 33 years in the field of yoga, Tantra and spirituality, I realized that thousands of masters had given definitions of yoga based on their level of evolution and awakening without deviating the fundamentals. It was amazing to find two events in the life of great master Gorakshnath, known as one of great masters of the tradition. I am not sure how much tradition in a city of Gorakhpur( where this master lived) is alive today but one book where he writes that the practice of asana/s ( physical practices of yoga) are a must for treading the path of yoga while later writing rejects any physical practices of yoga. Many masters I met, have rejected the authorship of two books by the same master. I always had doubt about argument of current masters about this great Gorakshnath. After reading, contemplating and living at the feet of Himalayan master, reason of two opposites’ narratives was revealed, which was later confirmed by my master. First book by Gorakshnath was written when he was treading the path, got initiated and became an ardent disciple while the other was written when he was enlightened. When we tread the path, mind is still involved into material world. If he had given too much stress on the practice of ‘asana’ and ‘pranayama’ or physical postures and breathing practices, he was right. While as his later writings rejected the physical practice because of his awakening, realization and transformation. I gave this example to understand the true nature of yoga, Tantra and spirituality as no single definition can ever define the true nature or essence of yoga. Because yoga , Tantra and spirituality always talks , hints and points about what lies beyond mind , linear language and its expression. Still we have to use, we use the language to convey what is yoga, Tantra and spirituality. All expressions in language is the beginning where one begins the journey and ends in knowing the essence that transcends the mind.
We will analyze the very meaning of word ‘yoga’ in a series of few articles. The first in the series will understand how world best dictionaries have distorted the meaning of yoga and Tantra. Any person likes to tread the path in the modern age, generally refers to online to find the meaning of word in the dictionaries. When they find the meaning is related to ‘words’ they hate to relate themselves, they either reject yoga altogether or forget to tread on to the path.

I am writing the definition / meanings of the word ‘yoga’ as explained /written by world famous dictionaries before commenting on them.

A Hindu discipline aimed at training the consciousness for a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility.
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition copyright ©2000 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2009. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
1. a Hindu system of philosophy aiming at spiritual, mental, and physical wellbeing by means of deep meditation, prescribed postures, and controlled breathing
Collins Essential English Dictionary 2nd Edition 2006 © HarperCollins Publishers 2004, 2006

1. yoga - Hindu discipline aimed at training the consciousness for a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility that is achieved through the three paths of actions and knowledge and devotion
Hinduism - a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system; it is characterized by a belief in reincarnation, by a belief in a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils
2. yoga - a system of exercises practiced as part of the Hindu discipline to promote control of the body and mind
exercise, exercising, physical exercise, physical exertion, workout - the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit; "the doctor recommended regular exercise"; "he did some exercising"; "the physical exertion required by his work kept him fit"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2008 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
1 any of several systems of physical exercises based on a Hindu system of philosophy and meditation
Kernerman English Learner’s Dictionary © 1986-2008 K Dictionaries Ltd and partners. All rights reserved.
to be contd in 5.1.2