Truth according to Vedanta

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The teachings of Vedas are not easily accessible to us but we do get a good summary of it in works of Ramana Maharshi and to some extent Sri Nisargdutta Maharaj. But if one is interested to know more about the non-dual teachings one must read Vivekchudamani and if posible Panchadashi. The former is a work by the Adi Guru Sankara and later by Vidyaranaya who is acclaimed to by only second to the former and a person of equal eminence.

Vedanta maintains that Truth is non-dual and any duality seen is only apparent and a result of Maya, said to be a mysterious force which is indescribable and can only be inferred. This original source or substratum of creation is called Brahman.

Atman or the substratum (Consciousness or witness) in case of the individual is also Brahman. The error is in the individual considering himself to be having a body and mind. This error makes him a Jiva.

When through the threefold method of Listening, Reflecting and Meditating one realises his error he is considered liberated.

In case of Sages who have realised the Self the Maya is nowhere to be seen. This is its mystery.

Maya is said to Veil Brahman or Atman but does not do so completely. The feeling of "I" is a result of Brahman but the mistaking it for body is the handiwork of Maya.

Errors of taking one thing for another is due to mind. So the cause of bondage is mind. Since we consider ourselves to be the mind and work according to a path for its purification the cause of release is also mind.

The truth is Atman is ever liberated and same as Brahman.