Modern science specially quantum physics has started offering explanations about 'theory of Karma' and reincarnation.

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The concept of ‘karma’ is an integral part of Hindu philosophy. The word ‘Karma’, a Sanskrit word, related in its meaning to the word ‘action'. The Concise Oxford Dictionary defines it as the "sum of person's actions in one of his successive states of existence, viewed as deciding his fate for the next". The theory of karma primarily depends on the universal law or the Newton’s principle that every action produces an equal and opposite reaction. Whenever we do anything, we create a cause, which sooner or later would produce its corresponding effects. In the moral realm, consequences or the reaction do not always come back to us immediately. Hindu philosophy, which believes in reincarnation i.e. the life after death, holds the doctrine that if the karma of an individual is good enough, the next birth will be rewarding, otherwise the person will have to suffer and may eventually degenerate into a lower life form. This very law of cause and effect leads to the popular beliefs of Hindus regarding birth and reincarnation. It is further believed that individual soul or the 'Atman' is reincarnated in this world on the basis of their karma.

Traditional science does not believe in reincarnation theory due to lack of any convincing evidence. Because of this reason, concept of karma could not be accepted beyond the popular belief of Hinduism by scientific community including those of us who believe in rationale and reason. However, quantum physics, a branch of modern physics that deals with the subatomic realm, has offered an explanation on the theory of reincarnation and the karma. Before coming to the explanation let me explain one of the most important characteristic features of quantum world. Quantum physics gives us an amazing concept of ‘nonlocal’ effects. In local effects or the concept of locality, all communication proceeds through local signals that have speed limit of light. However, quantum objects or the subatomic particles can influence one another instantly, once they interact and become correlated through quantum ‘nonlocality’, means signal-less interconnectedness outside local space and time. Therefore a cause at one place can produce an immediate effect at some distant location. This very phenomenon in which two or more particles remain inexorably linked no matter how far apart they are is known as quantum entanglement.

Amit Goswami, a nuclear physicist from the University of Oregon Institute for Theoretical Physics, in “God is not Dead- What Quantum Physics Tells Us Our Origins and How We Should Live” (2009) offers an scientific explanation on Karma and Dharma. He says that the complete theory of reincarnation must also contend with reincarnational content memory and certain cause-effect entanglements that may happen between two disparate reincarnations. Reincarnation memory is easy to understand; we assume that there is nonlocal window that is always open between reincarnations. Ordinarily we are not aware of it, but at the time of death, when ego attachment is extremely tenuous, a person may be open enough to this nonlocal window to have a panoramic view of himself or herself through various lifetimes. Similarly, at the moment of birth, since the ego attachment has not yet formed, the opening of the nonlocal window may be allow a panoramic experience of reincarnations to be stored in the memory of the newborn. Amit Goswami in his book gave data in support of this theory. In this way, an action or the cause in this life can ‘nonlocally’ propagate to the next life to precipitate a ‘nonlocal’ effect. Hindu philosophy or the Hinduism uses the word ‘karma’ to denote such ‘nonlocal’ cause-effect connotations between incarnations. Hence we then can bring accumulated karma through many lives into the current one. In order to appreciate this theory it is necessary to understand what these ‘nonlocal effects’ are. Then off course, there is the future karma, the karma we collect in our current life. It has also been reported that this idea has been verified through the research of a past-life therapist named David Cliness.

I have recently come across one another explanation as to how the law of Karma (the philosophy of cause-effect of events taking place in our life) really operates. My colleague Anil K Gupta, an IAS officer has last published his maiden book entitled ‘The Journey Is The Award’ in which he tried to explain about karma and reincarnation. He says that all the impressions received or made through senses are preserved in the universe as energy waves. Our minds are cognizant when the impressions are recorded in the energy particles around us and these impressions are not effaced subsequently. When either voluntarily or involuntarily these impressions come into contact with our brain energy, they influence our minds at much later stage and produce results through our own actions. He further explains that no act is without its effect. In the world of physical and chemical sciences the effect is seen at once whereas karmic actions produce results much later even after several lives. Though I have not been able to get the source and further information of this explanation from net, however, modern research on quantum physics do through light on such kind of this phenomenon taking place in physical world.

Though I have given two different scientific explanations based on quantum theory about law of karma and the reincarnation, but this mysterious phenomenon of belief and faith still need more convincing and rationale answer especially for reincarnation. However, the fact remains that we do realize that law of karma applies in our life and most of the effects we can observe in our own generation. If we want a better future, we can achieve it by our present actions, thoughts and words. What we sow is what w