Brahma Sutra, Part --9

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Topic-5: The Path Leads to the Conditioned Brahman
7. Badari thinks that the souls are led to the conditioned Brahman, for it (alone) can reasonably be the goal.
8. And (the conditioned Brahman must be the goal) owing to the specific mention of this.
9. But (the conditioned Brahman has) that designation owing to nearness (to the absolute Brahman).
10. On the final dissolution of the world of the conditioned Brahman, they attain, along with the lord of the world, what is higher than this conditioned Brahman, as is known on the strength of the Upanishadic declaration.
11. This is confirmed by Smriti as well.
12. Jaimini thinks that they are led to the supreme Brahman, that being the primary meaning (of the word Brahman).
13. And (this is so) because the Upanishad reveals (this fact).
14. Moreover, the firm resolution about attainment is not concerned with the conditioned Brahman.
Topic-6: Worship with and without Symbols
15. Badarayana says that the superhuman being leads to Brahman only those who do not use symbols (in their meditation), since this twofold division involves no contradiction and one becomes what one resolves to be.
16. And the Upanishad reveals a speciality about the results (of meditations with symbols).

Topic-1: Nature of Freedom
1. Having reached the “highest Light”, the soul becomes manifest in its own real nature because of the use of the term “in its own” (in the Upanishad).
2. The soul then attains liberation, that being the (Upanishadic) declaration.
3. The Light is the Self as it is obvious from the context.
Topic-2: Liberated Soul Inseparable from Brahman
4. In liberation the soul exists in a state of inseparableness from the supreme Self, for so it is noticed in the Upanishad.
Topic-3: Characteristics of the Liberated Soul
5. Jaimini says that from references etc., (in the Upanishads) (it is evident that the liberated soul) becomes established in the attributes that Brahman has.
6. Audulomi says that the liberated soul becomes established in consciousness as consciousness itself, that being its true nature.
7. Badarayana says that even so, there is no contradiction, since the earlier nature exists according to Upanishadic reference.
Topic-4: Fulfilment of Desire through Will
8. (The fathers and others come) as a result of the will alone, because the Upanishad says so.
9. And for that very reason (a man of knowledge has) no other lord (to rule over him).
Topic-5: Body after Reaching Brahma-loka
10. Badari asserts the absence of body and organs (for one who reaches the Brahma-loka – the world of Brahman), for the Upanishad says so.
11. Jaimini asserts the existence of body and sense-organs (after the realization of the qualified Brahman), since the Upanishad speaks of option.
12. Hence Badarayana considers the released souls to be of both kinds (ie., with or without bodies and senses) just as it is the case with the Dvadasaha (twelve-day) sacrifice.
13. In the absence of a body, the fulfilment of desires is reasonably possible as in dreams.
14. When the body exists, the fulfilment of the desires is just as in the waking state.
Topic-6: Entry into many Bodies
15. The released soul can animate different bodies like a lamp, for the scripture shows this to be so.
16. (The declaration of the absence of particularized knowledge is made) from either of the two points of view, viz., deep sleep and absolute union; for this is made clear in the Upanishad.
Topic-7: Acquisition of Divine Powers
17. The released soul gets all the divine powers except that of running the universe (with its creation, continuance and dissolution), as is known from the context (which deals with God) and from the non-proximity (of the individual soul).
18. If it be held (that the powers of the liberated soul are unlimited) owing to direct scriptural declaration, then it is not so, since it is (the attainment) of Him (ie., God) who appoints others as lords of the spheres and resides in those spheres that is spoken of (in the Upanishad).
19. And there is another form of the supreme Lord that does not abide in the effect, for so has the Upanishad declared.
20. And both the Upanishadic and Smriti texts show thus (that the supreme Light is beyond all changing things).
21. Also from the indicatory mark in the Upanishads about the equality of experience alone (it is known that the liberated souls do not get unfettered powers).
22. There is no return for the released souls on the strength of the Upanishadic declaration; there is no return for the released souls on the strength of the Upanishadic declaration.
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