About Human incarnation in Veda

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To accept any concept, there are four authorities:

1) Shruti, the scripture, which is the divine text and it is Veda for Hindus.
2) The second authority is Smruti, which is the text written by sages.
3) The third authority is logical discussion to find out the correct interpretation of the scripture.
4) The fourth authority is experience of divine scholars.

Let us examine the first authority, the Veda, which is said to be the word of God revealed to sages. In this scripture, lot of importance is given to the four great statements (Mahavaakyaas). One statement says that the special knowledge is God (Prajnanam Brahma). The special knowledge cannot mean simple awareness, which is found in animals and birds. The word ‘Jnanam’ means ‘Knowledge’ and not mere awareness. Awareness is the basic material but knowledge is the special design of it. When you are appreciating a golden jewel, the appreciation for the specialty is related to the design of the golden chain and not to the basic gold.

You are not appreciating a lump of gold. The word ‘Pra’ denotes the ‘Specialty’ and the word ‘Jnanam’ denotes the ‘Knowledge’. The word ‘Knowledge’ eliminates all the living beings other than human beings because only human beings possess and express knowledge. The word ‘Pra’ indicates a rare special human being only, who is possessor of the special knowledge. The result is that a specific human being, who is the possessor and preacher of the special knowledge alone can be God like Krishna, who preached Geeta-the special knowledge. When you say that a king is ruling the country, the word ‘king’ cannot mean every living being and you cannot say that an animal or a bird is ruling the country. The word ‘king’ also cannot mean every human being because every human being cannot have the special talent of administration to rule the entire country. Hence, the word ‘king’ indicates a specially talented human being only. This statement also indicates that the main purpose of God to come as a human being is to preach the special knowledge only.

Another statement says that an individual human being is God (Ayamaatma Brahma). The word ‘Atmaa’ means not only the awareness, but also the external human body. ‘Atmaa’ means that which pervades. The awareness pervades the body through nerves. Awareness is the neural energy flowing in the nerves. The body also pervades the space as it grows. Therefore, the word ‘Atmaa’ stands for the human being, which is the human body along with the awareness. The three statements saying that ‘I am God’, ‘You are God’ and ‘He is God’ denote only the aspiration that everybody should become God in the near future. The verbs in present tense like ‘am’, ‘are’ and ‘is’ stand for the present tense indicating the immediate future as per the grammar. These three statements also mean that the human form of God is like me, you and him for external look. Since God looks like an ordinary human being externally, these three statements indicate the aspect of similarity.

The fourth statement brings the difference, which says that God is the ‘Special Knowledge’. The possessor of knowledge can be called as the knowledge itself, when the knowledge excels in the possessor as per the grammar. Therefore knowledge means the possessor of knowledge. According to lakshana, the possessor can be called by the possessor material. A seller of apples is called as ‘apples’. All these four statements indicate the human incarnation only. The word ‘Narayana’ referred in Veda means the source of knowledge. Veda says that Narayana spreads all over the world (vyaapya Naraayanah). It means that the knowledge preached by the Lord is spreading all over the world.

Another Vedic statement saying that all this world is God (sarvam khalvidam…) also means the same. The country ruled by the king, Kalinga, is called as Kalinga only. The region spread by the rule of Kalinga is called as Kalinga. This does not mean that the entire kingdom is the king himself in person. All these statements indicate the knowledge of the human incarnation spreading all over the world and this should not be mis-understood as the human incarnation Himself becoming all the world. In Rudram, existing in Veda, it is said that God hits the people with arrows released from His bow. This also indicates the human incarnations like Rama and Krishna, who punished the evil people with the help of bow and arrows. Apart from that, the bow stands for the knowledge and the arrows stands for the points.

God in human form hits everybody with His points through knowledge to kill their ignorance. Like this, all the Vedic statements can be rightly interpreted in the sense of human incarnation preaching the special knowledge.

Veda also says that God is un-imaginable, who is beyond words, mind, intelligence and logic and hence God alone knows God (Brahmavit Brahmaiva...). You should know that God cannot be known (Yasyaamatam…). But such God enters the world through a medium (Tadevaanu Praavishat...) and God becomes that medium while keeping His separate identity of His real form (Satchatyatcha...). Therefore, the essence of the Veda is very clear that the absolute God is un-imaginable, He enters a human being as a medium for the sake of preaching knowledge and He remains in His original form and at the same time gets identified with the human form also.